Beautiful country with thousand of island
Indonesia is the largest archipelagic nation on the planet. Satellite data from the Indonesian Aviation and Space Institute have shown that within the archipelago there are in total 18,108 islands. Only about 6,000 of these islands are inhabited with Java accounting for more than half the nation's population. Straddling the equator and wedged between the Indian and the Pacific Oceans the country covers three time zones and a total land area of 1,811,569 sq km. The map of Indonesia, when superimposed over the map of Europe, stretches from Ireland to the Ural. The distance between the two habitually mentioned extremities of Indonesia, the cities of Sabang (the westernmost on Sumatra) and Merauke (the easternmost on Papua) is 400 miles more than the distance between New York to San Francisco.
As the fourth most populous country in the world its population is estimated at 245 million of which 44% lives in urban areas. Life expectancy is 69 years and the literacy rate as reported by UNDP is 90.4 %. The republic of Indonesia is the third largest democracy in the world. The official state motto is ‘Unity in Diversity’ (Bhinneka Tunggal Ika) Some 300 ethnic groups call Indonesia their home and they speak over 500 different languages but since Indonesia declared independence in 1945, the official national language is Bahasa Indonesia, which is similar to Malay and written in Roman script. It is used on radio and television everywhere, and for all written communication in education, government and business. Nowadays English is widely understood and spoken in the tourist destinations.
The country is blessed with a great diversity of landscapes, with virgin rain forests in Kalimantan, Sumatra, and Papua, fertile rice terraces on Java and Bali, savannah grasslands on the Nusa Tenggara islands and snow-capped peaks overlooking the Papua jungle.
Indonesia is home to 10 percent of the world’s known plant species, 12 percent of mammal and 17 percent of all known bird species. As the epicenter of the coral triangle the biodiversity underwater is equally unique. Spread over 18000 islands there are 93 majestic mountains and 81,000 km of exotic tropical beaches to be explored plus a multitude of different cultures.
The province of West Papua, also known as West Irian Jaya, covers the bird’s head of Papua, a large peninsula on Indonesian New Guinea’s far northwest corner, and the small islands that surround it. Papua retains many traditional cultures and is home to some of the richest biodiversity in the world. Lorentz National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the largest protected area in the Asia-Pacific region, r
Borneo is the third-largest island in the world and the largest island of Asia. Also known as Kalimantan, there are over 30 ethnic groups living in this particular island making it as an island with the highest human social group in the world. The native inhabitants of it is island is the "Dayak" who live in the interior of its island. Orangutans are our closest living relatives sharing 97% of our DNA,
Flores & Komodo Island
Flores is the most fascinating and beautiful island. Long hidden in the shadows of its more famous neighbor Bali, the island of Flores is finally emerging as a unique destination of its own. So, after visiting the lair of the Komodo dragons, take time to marvel at some of the wonders of Flores. Here you can swim in pristine lakes and waterfalls, e.